The foot has 30 ligaments, five of which connect the long bones of the midfoot (metatarsals) to the toes (phalanges). The ligaments form a capsule around the joint, helping it to work properly when you walk, run, or jump. When such a ligament becomes inflamed, it causes a pain called capsulitis. The most common form of this condition occurs in the second toe, often the result of a bunion, a longer second toe, flat feet, or low arches. It is sometimes mistaken for Morton’s neuroma, but that is a separate condition that affects the nerves. Capsulitis of the second toe is progressive and worsens over time, usually because of genetics or overuse. Long-term wearing of high heels may also have contributed to this. A podiatrist can examine your foot to detect the source of the pain using an X-ray and manipulation of the affected area. Conservative treatments, such as ice, rest, medication, and orthotics may be recommended. Changing footwear, taping, and splinting can also help. If these methods are not effective, or if your condition is particularly advanced, surgery may be another option.
Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Yuen Podiatry PC. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Causes Toe Pain?
Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.
Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
- Sports injury
- Wearing shoes that are too tight
- Corns and calluses
- Ingrown toenails
- Fractures (broken bones)
When to See a Podiatrist
- Severe pain
- Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
- Signs of infection
- Continued swelling
- Pain that prevents walking
In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Flushing, Elmhurst, and Brooklyn, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.